How to make a pellet press yourself?

homemade pellet press

Over the years, I have become increasingly aware of the need to reduce our carbon footprint and promote more sustainable energy sources. One of the solutions I found to contribute to this effort is the production of pellets from biomass, which are used as fuel for heating systems. However, while researching pellet presses available on the market, I found that these machines can be expensive and don’t always meet my specific needs.

This is why I decided to start manufacturing my own pellet press, in order to be able to adapt the machine to my requirements and reduce the costs associated with purchasing commercial equipment. This adventure not only allowed me to save money, but also to better understand the pellet manufacturing process and to master each step of the process.

Building my pellet press cost me around $500 for materials and components, which is significantly lower than the cost of commercial equipment which can be anywhere from $1,500 to $3,000 or more. Of course, this doesn’t take into account the time and effort put into building the machine, but I found it very rewarding and educational.

As for output, my custom pellet press has a production capacity of around 50 kg of pellets per hour, which is enough to meet my heating needs and even share with my neighbors. This capacity may vary depending on the raw materials used and machine settings, but it has proven to be very satisfactory for home use.

Using my pellet press has also allowed me to significantly reduce my heating costs, as pellets are cheaper than traditional fossil fuels such as gas or oil. Additionally, by primarily using wood waste and other organic materials, I contribute to reducing waste and promoting a circular economy.

Manufacturing my own pellet press has brought me many advantages, both economically and ecologically. This experience taught me a lot about pellet production and allowed me to make significant savings while contributing to a more sustainable future.

How I went about designing my pellet press

Before embarking on building my own pellet press, I first spent a lot of time studying the different machines available on the market and understanding how they worked. Here are the steps I followed to design and build my pellet press.

I started by doing extensive research on the Internet to familiarize myself with the different types of pellet presses, their components and how they work. I visited specialist websites, forums and YouTube videos to learn the basics of pellet making and the main features of the machines.

Analysis of Existing Machines: Next, I analyzed the machines available in the market considering their specifications, production capacity, energy efficiency and cost. This step helped me better understand the strengths and weaknesses of each model and determine what aspects I wanted to include in my own pellet press.

Then I started designing my own plans for the pellet press. I took into account the dimensions, materials and components necessary to build an efficient machine suited to my needs. I also made sure the plans were easily editable, in case I wanted to make improvements or adjustments in the future.

To visualize and test my design, I used 3D modeling software. This allowed me to create a digital model of my pellet press and verify that all components would fit correctly. I was also able to simulate the operation of the machine to ensure that the gear system, pressure rollers and die were working correctly together.

Once the plans were finalized and validated, I proceeded to purchase the necessary materials and components, then I began the construction of my pellet press following the instructions I had prepared.

Pour en savoir plus

Choosing the right wood to make pellets: a complete guide

The market for wood pellets, also called pellets, has experienced rapid growth in recent years. Indeed, they represent an ecological and economical alternative to traditional fossil fuels. To obtain quality pellets, it is essential to choose the right type of…

Video of making a pellet press

Pour en savoir plus

What is the efficiency of a pellet machine?

Understanding the performance of a pellet machine The production of wood pellets, also called pellets, is a process that requires specific and efficient equipment. Among this equipment, the pellet machine occupies a central place in the production chain. In order…

The making

To begin, we need to establish the pellet press manufacturing plans.

First of all, here are the items I needed to make my press:

  • An electric motor
  • A hopper to feed raw materials
  • A matrix (to form the pellets)
  • Pressure rollers
  • A gear system
  • A metal or wooden frame
  • Screws and bolts

I bought most of them online or directly in store.

Pour en savoir plus

Creating your own pellets: step-by-step guide

Make your own pellets is an economical and ecological solution for heating or powering certain equipment. In this article, we will explain to you how to make your wood, grass or bark pellets by following a few simple steps. Step…

Manufacturing steps

Time needed: 3 days

It took me three days to make my own pellet press

  1. Design the frame

    Build a sturdy metal or wooden frame to support the various components of the pellet press. Make sure it is sturdy enough to withstand the pressure exerted during pellet making. I opted for a metal frame, as it offers greater strength and durability. Remember to leave enough space to access parts in case of maintenance.

  2. Mounting the electric motor

    Secure the electric motor to the frame using screws and bolts. Choose a motor with sufficient power to operate the pellet press. I chose a 3 kW motor for my pellet press, which proved sufficient for my production capacity. Do not hesitate to adapt the engine power according to your needs.

  3. Attach the die and pressure rollers

    The die is the central element of the pellet press, because it gives shape to the pellets. Attach the die to the frame and install the pressure rollers so that they can exert pressure on the die. I opted for a stainless steel die because it is more durable and corrosion resistant. When installing the pressure rollers, make sure they are perfectly aligned with the die to avoid any problems during pellet formation.

  4. Install the drive system

    Connect the electric motor to a gear system that will transmit power to the pressure rollers. This system must be correctly sized to ensure optimal operation of the press. To ensure smooth and quiet operation, I used a belt gear system. This also made tension adjustments and possible repairs easier.

  5. Install the hopper

    The hopper allows raw materials to be fed into the pellet press. Fix the hopper above the die so that raw materials can be fed into the press. I made a hopper with an adjustable opening, which allowed me to control the flow of raw materials fed into the press. This has proven to be very helpful in preventing blockages and overfeeding issues.

  6. Test the pellet press

    Start the electric motor and check the operation of the pellet press. Make sure the pressure rollers exert adequate pressure on the die to form the pellets. During my first test, I used sawdust with a lapping oil sold with the die to check that the press was working properly. Be careful not to overload the machine during the first attempts and gradually adjust the quantity of material introduced.

  7. Adjust the settings

    It took me a few tries to find the ideal settings for pellet size and density. Feel free to experiment and adjust the settings based on the results you get.

Pour en savoir plus

Pellet press plan

Press support plan Press foot plan Bottom side plan for pellet press Pellet press matrix plan Pellet press cylinder plan Press vertical axis plane to be continued… I will continue to edit the plans.


In conclusion, manufacturing my own pellet press was an enriching and educational experience that allowed me to better understand the operation and issues related to the production of pellets from biomass. Through my extensive research and expert help, I was able to design and build a machine tailored to my specific needs, while achieving significant savings compared to purchasing a commercial pellet press.

The total cost of building my pellet press was around 500 euros, which is significantly lower than the price of an industrial machine. In addition, the production capacity of 50 kg of pellets per hour was more than satisfactory for my domestic use and even to share with my neighbors.

Building the pellet press took me about three days, taking into account purchasing materials, assembling components, and making any necessary adjustments to optimize the machine’s operation. Although it may seem like a long time, the time invested is worth it when you consider the savings on equipment costs and the long-term environmental benefits.

Pour en savoir plus

Pellet heating: is it still profitable?

In a context where ecological and economic concerns are increasingly present, the choice of a heating system for your home becomes crucial. Among the existing alternatives, pellet heating represents an interesting option to study. But is it still profitable to…

Leave a comment